Unique Sweets is an insider's peek into innovative eateries across
America that are creating the most unique and exciting desserts today.
These sweet spots cover the gamut: restaurants with revolutionary pastry
chefs; candy shops inventing eye-popping confections; chocolate
boutiques with wild artisanal flavors; and bakeries producing
one-of-a-kind pastries, cakes and cookies in the middle of the night.
Wherever there are gooey, crunchy, sticky and sweet treats that you
won't find anywhere else, Unique Sweets will take you there.
Runtime: 30 minutes
Unique Sweets - Vark - Netflix
Vark, also called varak (also silver leaf, German paper), is super fine
filigree foil sheet of pure metals, typically silver but sometimes gold,
used to decorate South Asian sweets and food to make those look more
appetising. The silver and gold are edible, though flavorless. Varak is
made by pounding silver into sheets, a few micrometres (µm) thick,
typically 0.2 µm-0.8 µm. The silver sheets are typically packed between
layers of paper for support; this paper is peeled away before use. It is
fragile and breaks into smaller pieces if handled with direct skin
contact. Those leaves in the 0.2 µm thickness tend to adhere to skin if
handled directly. Vark sheets are laid or rolled over some South Asian
sweets, confectionery, dry fruits and spices. Due to the safety and
ethical reasons, the government of India issued food safety and product
standards guidelines for the manufacturers of the silver foil.
Unique Sweets - Manufacturing - Netflix
Varak is made by placing the pure metal dust between parchment sheets,
then pounding the sheets until the metal dust mold into a foil, usually
a few micrometres (µm) thick, typically 0.2 µm-0.8 µm. The sheets are
typically packed with paper for support; this paper is peeled away
before use. it generally takes 2 hours to pound the silver particles in
to foils. It is fragile and breaks into smaller pieces if handled with
direct skin contact. Those leaves in the 0.2 µm thickness tend to adhere
to skin if handled directly. Vark sheets are laid or rolled over some
South Asian sweets. Particles were traditionally manually pounded
between the layers of ox gut or cow hide. It is easier to separate the
silver leaf from the animal tissue than to separate it from the paper.
Due to the concerns of vegetarians population of India, manufacturers
have switched to the modern technologies. that have evolved for the
production of silver leaves in India, Germany, Russia and China. Modern
technologies include beating over sheets of black special treated paper
or polyester sheets coated with food grade calcium powder (nicknamed
“german plastic”) are used instead of ox-guts or cow hide. Old City in
Hydrabad use to be the hub of traditional manual manufacturing, where it
is a dying trade. Modern machine based manufacturing hubs are based in
Delhi and Noida.
Unique Sweets - References - Netflix